Acknowledgements and Abbreviations



1.  The Paradoxical Tolstoy

2.  Why Psychoanalysis Applies


The Arzamas Horror: A Sample of Tolstoy's Psychopathology 

1.   Separating from His Wife, His Family, His Novel  

2.   Alone and Anxious        

3.   Dabbling in Madness     

4.   Masochism as an Antidepressant      


Tolstoy and His Mother

1.  Death and the Mother

2.  Tolstoy Slips up

3.  Maternal Sexuality and Maternal Love

4.  The Psychology of Early Maternal Loss

5.  Ambivalence and Multiple Mothering

6.  Sexuality and the Death of the Mother


Tolstoy's Case for Sexual Abstinence

1.  Enter a Madman

2.  Wives as Prostitutes

3.  Some Intertexts

4.  Harm to Women

5.  Harm to Children: the Primal Scene

6.  An End to Childbirthing

7.  Mutual Enslavement of the Sexes


Sexual Abstinence: The Hidden Agenda    

1.  Narcissism, Jealousy, and the Maternal Icon       

2.  Tolstoy at the Breast        

3.  The Oral Hang-up    

4.  The Homosexual Element       

5.  Regress along with Beethoven       

6.  Murdering the Breast-Mother        

7.  Castration, Masochism, Guilt        

8.  Tolstoy's Moral Masochism  

9.  Guilt and the Matricidal Impulse  

10.  Repetition of Past Traumas  

11.  Attempted Reparation    


Tolstoy's Problematical Self       

1.  Psychiatric Symptoms while Writing

   The Kreutzer Sonata        

2.  The Self-Improvement Kick: God as Ideal Self  

3.  Low Self-Esteem and the Need for Attention      

4.  Unclear Boundaries of the Self      

5.  Finishing off the Novella: Interacting Self-Disturbances


The Relationship with Sonia: A Feminist Note